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Encyclopedic Information on Art History

*Painting Movement Timeline

The history of paintings is old like history of humankind
Until the earlier 20th century, paintings figured upon representational, religious and traditional motifs, after that period abstract and conceptual approaches came to have value.
I think that, if anybody relates to paintings, she/he has to be familiar with some knowledge concerning the history of artwork. So, I prepared within this article the art movement timeline for information.

1 – Pre-History

Cave Paintings
Cave Paintings are classified as the first traces from the art of paintings and make reference to drawings and paintings from the cave walls and ceilings of the prehistoric caves in the Stone Age. The purpose of the well known Palaeolithic cave paintings isn’t really known. It may be considered a way of communication or designed for ceremonial reasons or even decorative purposes.

2 – Western Painting

western painting
Western art is of course the art of Countries in europe, and art created within the forms accepted throughout those countries. countries. Western art is actually arranged into several stylistic periods. These periods are known as, Byzantine, Renaissance, Classical, Medieval, Baroque and Contemporary.

Egypt, Greece and Ancient rome paintings
Written histories regarding Western art often start with the art from the Ancient Middle East, Ancient Egypt and also the Ancient Aegean civilisations.
Middle Ages
European artists painted in a manner that emphasized religious pictures and symbolism instead of realism

Medieval Art
Medieval art is covering over 100 decades of art heritage through the Middle East, Europe, and North Africa. It covered a number of media and incorporated many major art movements including Celtic Art, Early Christian Art, Pre-Romanesque art as well as Carolingian art, among others.

Insular art
Insular art, also known by the name Hiberno-Saxon art, is the kind of art produced within the post Roman history of Ireland and Britain.

Carolingian art
Carolingian artists sought to bring back the third dimension. They used traditional drawings as their own models and tried to produce more convincing illusions of space.

Anglo-Saxon art
Art produced in the Anglo-Saxon period of English history.

Romanesque art
Romanesque art design that prevailed throughout Europe during 11th and also12th c.; term Romanesque describes the fusion of Byzantine, Carolingian, Roman, and local Germanic cultures.

Gothic art
Gothic art (1100-1600) created in France within the mid-12th century. It refers to a medieval movement found in a number of mediums ranging from panel painting, sculpture, architecture, stained glass as well as manuscripts. Often, gothic works told both Christian and also secular narratives by means of imagery.

Renaissance and Mannerism
The Renaissance is really a cultural movement which spanned roughly the 14th towards the 17th century, beginning in Florence within the Late Middle Age range and later spreading towards the rest of the european countries.

Italian Renaissance artwork
(1400-1600)-The Renaissance was a period in time of rebirth spanning from 15th through 17th century. In the graphic arts, it was most widely known for its advancement of linear viewpoint as seen in the works of Leonardo da Vinci and also Michelangelo.

Mannerism
(1520-1600) Mannerism describes the style developed throughout the 16th century, characterized by its concentration on light and space, dramatic use of color and altered space and viewpoint. It began by the end of the High Renaissance and lasted till the arrival of Baroque within 1600.

Northern Mannerism
(1500-1530) The kind of painting and sketching practiced by painters in Northern european countries

Baroque and Rococo
The seventeenth as well as eighteenth centuries saw a rise in scientific and also philosophic advances. Both the Baroque as well as Rococo styles mirro these changing periods, although the Rococo style is a lot less religiously focused than Baroque.
Baroque could be known as the last stage of Renaissance art or it may be the beginning of the new period of painting. Some of Baroque Well-known Artists: Willem Kalf, Jacob van Ruisdael, Claude Lorrain, and Jan Vermeer, II Guercino, Andrea Pozzo, Caravaggio, Diego Velázquez

3 – 19th Century19th century painting

Neo-classicism
(1750-1830) Neoclassicism is originated as being a reaction to the actual Baroque and Rococo within the mid-eighteenth century, and continued into the midst of the nineteenth century within a cultural, artistic, and architectural perception.

History painting
History painting is really a method in artwork defined by subject material rather than the artistic style; describes a moment rather than the standstill subject like a portrait.

Romanticism
It started as being an artistic and rational movement that accentuated a revulsion towards established values (social order and religious beliefs). Romanticism exalted irrationalism, subjectivism, individualism, imagination, emotions and character – emotion above reason and feelings over intellect

Impressionism
Impressionism is the movement in French painting, sometimes called optical realism due to the almost scientific fascination with the actual aesthetic experience and impact of light as well as movement on appearance of objects. (Claude Monet)

Post Impressionism
Post Impressionism represented both the extension of Impressionism and the rejection of that particular style’s inherent restrictions. (Artists: Vincent van Gogh, Georges Seurat, Paul Cezanne, Roger Fry, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Paul Gauguin)

Symbolism
Symbolism originated in France. French Symbolism seemed to be both a continuation in the Romantic tradition and also a reaction to the actual realistic approach associated with impressionism. (Chavannes, Paul Gauguin, Fernand Khnopff, Mikhail Aleksandrovich)

4 – 20th Century20th century painting

Modern and Contemporary art
Contemporary art may be defined variously as being art produced in the present time or art created since World War II. Contemporary art is shown by commercial contemporary galleries, corporations, private collectors, publicly funded arts organizations, contemporary art museums and by artists on their own in artist-run areas.

Dada and Surrealism
Dada began being an anti-art movement or perhaps, at least, a movement contrary to the way art was appreciated by what considered itself the actual civilized world; Surrealism was a lot more than an art movement, also it thrust home Dada’s subversive assault on rational as well as ‘civilized’ standards.

Abstract expressionism
Abstract expressionism has been an American post-World War II art movement that evolved in Ny in the 1940s and 1950s; it stressed the actual physical act of painting as a way of expression and also was sometimes referred to as action painting.

Pop art
Pop art is a creative art form introduced in England, towards the end of the 1950. This uses the actual imagery, styles, and themes of mass media, advertising, and popular culture.

Figurative, Landscape, Still-Life, and Realism
Between 1930-1960 abstract painting in the usa and Europe developed into movements like abstract expressionism, Color Field painting, Op art, Post painterly abstraction, Minimal art, hard-edge painting, shaped canvas painting, and Lyrical Abstraction.
Art Brut (1950s): painting, prints, works on papers, sculpture. Art Brut was made as “raw” art by those who existed completely outside society and art schools.

New Realism (1950-1960s): This term describes the movement created by art critic Pierre Restany and also the painter Yves Klein that is often compared to New York Pop Art movement because of its critique of commercialized items. Leading artists of this movement included Christo, Arman, Cesar, Tinguely and Daniel Spoerri.

Photorealism: (Late 1960s) This term describe a method of hyperrealistic painting.

Hard-edge Painting (Late 1950s) describes the movement comprising rough, straight edges which were geometrically consistent. It is seen as a having rich solid colorings, neat surfaces and an accumulation of multiple forms around the canvas. It is often related to Geometric Abstraction, Post-Painterly Abstraction as well asto Color Field Painting.

Post-Minimalism (Late 1960s) describes a varied procedure for Minimalism which challenged the concept of art as static and also durable.

Neo Expressionism
Late 1970s-1980s)This term describes the extension of expressionism. Neo-Expressionism took place in many countries and also cultures, but the leading artists in the usa were Philip Guston along with Julian Schnabel.

5 – Contemporary Painting in the 21st Centurycontemporary painting

Contemporary Painting In the beginning of the 21st century, Contemporary painting characterized by the concept of pluralism the other important point is within the 21st century contemporary painting everything being considered. Hard-edge painting, appropriation, geometric abstraction, photorealism, hyperrealism, minimalism, expressionism, Lyrical Abstraction, pop art, abstract expressionism, op art, Color Field painting, monochrome painting, neo-expressionism, collage, intermediate painting, assemblage painting, digital painting, postmodern painting, are a handful of continuing and present directions in painting in the beginning of the 21st century.


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